Albert Sidney Whiting, MD
The branch of medicine that covers diseases of the eye is ophthalmology. Physicians who specialize in this field, called ophthalmologists, are generally categorized as surgeons because they are trained to perform surgery to repair or prevent vision problems. This is the major difference between ophthalmologists and optometrists, who are also eye and vision specialists. Both types of physicians can diagnose, manage, and treat eye problems, but ophthalmologists perform more complex eye surgery.